2 Types of Glaucoma: Early Diagnosis is Key

  • By:Dr. Katie Dugan

A small problem with your eyes can lead to serious complications and even vision impairment in the future. So, it is important to maintain regular eye exams so that your optometrist can assist with early diagnosis when applicable. One common problem that is evaluated in the exam is glaucoma.

Damaging Effects of Pressure in the Eye

“Glaucoma” refers to a group of eye conditions that are experienced by millions of people in the United States. It has been found that glaucoma is the second most common reason for blindness and partial vision loss in the country. Usually, glaucoma happens when the optic nerve is damaged because of increasing pressure within the eye.

The inside of the eye is filled with fluid. In a healthy eye, the amount of fluid produced is equal to the amount of fluid flowing out of the eye. But if an eye is affected by glaucoma, the drainage system doesn’t work as it should. As a result, the fluid increases and the pressure goes up.

Two Common Types of Glaucoma

These are the two most common types of glaucoma:

  • Open-Angle Glaucoma: This type is the most common occurrence and accounts for approximately 90% of the cases. Clogs occur in the drainage canals of the eyes, preventing the fluid from draining. The development of this condition is slow, and it usually isn’t noticed in the early stages. So, comprehensive eye exams are important to catch the disease in the early stages so that you can prevent vision loss.
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma: Unlike the gradual progression that occurs with open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma happens suddenly and unexpectedly. With this condition, the iris blocks the canals where the fluids drain. Symptoms usually include eye pain, headaches, nausea, rainbows around lights, and blurred vision. Contact an eye doctor right away if you are experiencing these symptoms.

Everyone has some risk for the development of glaucoma, especially in the later years of life. When vision loss occurs due to glaucoma, it is irreversible. So you should always be proactive about maintaining regular eye appointments, even if your eyes feel fine. Call today to schedule an exam: Our Temecula office can be reached at (951) 302-1331, or call our Murrieta office at (951) 600-9226.

Posted in: Eye Health